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Causes of Labral Tears

shutterstock 12086764 199x300 - Causes of Labral TearsIn a hip labral tear, the ring of cartilage (labrum) that lines the outside rim of the socket of the hip joint sustains damage.

The labrum cushions the hip joint as well as acts like a rubber seal or gasket enabling the ball on top of the femur to be held firmly within the hip socket.


Key Sports

The risk of hip labral tear development is higher in athletes engaging in sports such as soccer, golf, hockey, and football. This condition may also occur due to structural abnormalities of the hip.

Southern California Hip Institute (SCHI), led by board certified orthopedic surgeon Dr. Tigran Garabekyan, provides advanced treatments for the hip and shoulder joint to patients in Los Angeles, Century City, CA, and other cities and towns in this part of the US.



There are no signs or symptoms in many cases of hip labral tears. However, at times, patients may experience one or more of the below mentioned symptoms:

  • A clicking, locking or catching sensation in the hip joint
  • Pain in the groin or hip
  • Limited range of motion or stiffness in the hip joint

The patient should seek medical attention if the symptoms become worse or do not improve within six weeks.



Labrum tears can occur due to various reasons. At times, labrum tears can occur due to falls or sporting injuries where the hip is forced into extreme positions. Repetitive trauma in sports that require regular hip rotation such as golf, hockey, ballet, and soccer, may also cause this condition.

According to studies, up to 22 percent of athletes complaining of groin pain have a labral tear in the hip. But around 75 percent of cases of torn acetabular labrum does not have a known direct cause.  

Hip labral tears may occur due to:


Dislocation or injury of the hip joint due to car crashes or playing contact sports such as hockey or football can cause a hip labral tear.

Structural Abnormalities

Some individuals are born with hip issues that can cause acceleration in the wear and tear of the joint, and eventually lead to a hip labral tear.

Repetitive Motions

Sports-related and other physical activities, such as sudden twisting or pivoting movements specific to sports such as softball or golf, can cause joint wear and tear that results in a hip labral tear.



Hip labral tears may predispose a person to the development of osteoarthritis in that joint over time.


Hip Surgery for Labral Tears

Certain hip labral tear patients will need orthopedic surgery to address the pain and clicking. The surgery should also lead to an improvement in the integrity of the hip joint. This will bring about a reduction in future joint degeneration which is typically associated with labral tears.

The surgeon performs the procedure by reattaching the labrum, and at times, debriding (removing the torn section) of the labrum. The patient will need post-op hip rehabilitation under the direction of the physiotherapist and surgeon to enable them to return to the sport in a safe manner.  



In general, hip labral tears are associated with participation in sports. In case the patient engages in a sport that causes excessive strain on the hips, it is vital for them to condition the surrounding muscles with strength and flexibility exercises.

It is also vital to avoid loading the hip with the full weight of the body when the legs are positioned at the extreme ends of the normal range of motion of the hip.

Reliable orthopedic surgeon Dr. Tigran Garabekyan receives patients from Los Angeles, Century City, CA, and nearby areas across the landscape for hip and shoulder joint treatments.
Dr. Tigran Garabekyan
 is a board certified orthopedic surgeon specializing in hip preservation. To learn more about Southern California Hip Institute or to schedule a consultation, click here to contact us or 

Century City / Los Angeles: 310.595.1030

Serving patients in Encino, Sherman Oaks, Van Nuys, North Hollywood, Burbank, Glendale, West Hollywood, Century City, Beverly Hills, Santa Monica, Los Angeles, and other neighboring cities in the greater Los Angeles, California area.

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Dr. Garabekyan Associations | North Hollywood | Board Certified Orthopedic Surgeon | Glendale Burbank | Encino | Sherman Oaks | Van Nuys Dr. Garabekyan Associations | North Hollywood | Board Certified Orthopedic Surgeon | Glendale Burbank | Encino | Sherman Oaks | Van Nuys

Contact Us

Century City

2080 Century Park East Suite 1204
Los Angeles, CA 90067
Tel: 310.595.1030 Fax: 310.582.5619