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Causes of Pelvic Pain in Women

AdobeStock 85242126 1 300x200 - Causes of Pelvic Pain in WomenMany women experience pelvic pain which can be brought on by various reasons and conditions ranging from endometriosis or fibroids to more severe conditions such as cancer or an ectopic pregnancy.

Southern California Hip Institute (SCHI), led by prudent board certified orthopedic surgeon Dr. Tigran Garabekyan, provides various orthopedic surgery procedures to patients in Los Angeles, Century City, CA, and surrounding locations across the landscape.



Ectopic Pregnancy

It is important to rule out ectopic pregnancy as the cause of sudden pelvic pain in a woman. In this condition, the embryo attaches to the fallopian tube rather than to the uterus.

Along with pelvic pain, an ectopic pregnancy also typically causes vaginal bleeding.


Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is an infection that impacts the reproductive organs of a woman including her ovaries, uterus, vagina, and fallopian tubes. Most cases occur due to a sexually transmitted infection such as chlamydia or gonorrhea. The primary symptom of PID is pelvic pain which may get worse during sex.



In this condition, the tissue that usually grows within the uterus starts to grow outside it, usually on the fallopian tubes, ovaries, and intestines. The woman experiences pelvic pain due to this condition, specifically during sex and menstruation.


Uterine Fibroids

Uterine fibroids are noncancerous pelvic tumors that commonly lead to longer and/or heavier than normal menstruation cycles. They can also create pelvic discomfort which women typically describe as dull pain or pressure.  


Ovarian Cyst Rupture

Women in their reproductive years commonly experience ovarian cyst rupture. It may not lead to any symptoms or may cause one-sided pelvic pain. This pain is sharp and sudden and initiates following sex or vigorous pelvic activity.


Mittelschmerz Pain

Mittelschmerz pain is one-sided pelvic pain which a woman feels when an egg is released from an ovary every month. This is not a concerning symptom. However, severe pain may be an indication of endometriosis.


Ovarian Torsion

In this condition, the ligaments that hold the ovary in place twist and rotate which cuts off the blood supply to the ovary. The primary symptom is sudden, severe pelvic pain which may be dull, sharp, or crampy.


Gynecologic Cancer

Most forms of gynecologic cancer are associated with pelvic pain. However, the pain occurs only when cancer has advanced. Certain researchers consider ovarian cancer to be an exception to this occurrence and indicate that pelvic pain may be an early sign of this condition.  


Irritable Bowel Syndrome

Irritable bowel syndrome leads to crampy pain in the abdomen that may get worse due to eating or stress. A bowel movement eases this pain for many women. Other than pain, symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome are diarrhea, bloating, and/or constipation.


Nonrelaxing Pelvic Floor Dysfunction

The pelvis comprises muscles, tissues, and bone that work together for normal urination, defecation, and sexual function. If the pelvic muscles fail to contract and relax properly, it may cause pelvic pain. In addition, this can lead to problems in urinating, defecating, and sexual function as well.


Urinary Tract Infection

Urinary Tract Infection can lead to pelvic pain, specifically pain over the bladder (suprapubic pain). Other symptoms of this condition include frequent urination, a burning sensation when urinating, having an urge to urinate, and blood in the urine.

Committed orthopedic surgeon Dr. Tigran Garabekyan of SCHI receives patients from Los Angeles, Century City, CA, and nearby areas in The Golden State for orthopedic surgery.

Dr. Tigran Garabekyan is a board certified orthopedic surgeon specializing in hip preservation. To learn more about Southern California Hip Institute or to schedule a consultation, click here to contact us or call:

Century City / Los Angeles: 310.595.1030

Serving patients in Encino, Sherman Oaks, Van Nuys, North Hollywood, Burbank, Glendale, West Hollywood, Century City, Beverly Hills, Santa Monica, Los Angeles, and other neighboring cities in the greater Los Angeles, California area.

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Century City

2080 Century Park East Suite 1204
Los Angeles, CA 90067
Tel: 310.595.1030 Fax: 310.582.5619