Hip dysplasia, congenital dislocation of the hip, or developmental dislocation is when a socket of the hip joint stops supporting the ball of the joint. The condition may cause a gradual dislocation of the hip or misalignment. This can cause wearing of the cartilage and result in early-onset osteoarthritis of the hip.
Dysplastic hip may also result in acetabular labral tear. This is a tear in the labrum, which refers to the soft tissue lining and securing the hip socket joint. Southern California Hip Institute (SCHI), led by board certified orthopedic surgeon Dr. Tigran Garabekyan, provides orthopedic surgery as well as non-surgical orthopedic treatments to patients in Los Angeles, Century City, CA, and surrounding communities.
Signs and Symptoms of Hip Dysplasia
These are a few signs and symptoms of hip dysplasia:
- Pain in the hip
- Loose or unstable hip joint
- Limping when walking
- Unequal leg lengths
- Pain the side or back of the hip
- Pain in the groin area
Symptoms of hip dysplasia can be differentiated from ‘growing pains’ that are common in children under the age of 10. Growing pains in the hips, knees and legs are generally felt at night after being active during the day. However, they go away by the next morning.
In serious conditions, such as hip dysplasia, the pain remains constant and may increase over time. The young adult or child with the condition will also hear a characteristic clicking, popping, or snapping sound while moving the hip. Most children develop a limp to avoid pain.
Causes of Hip Dysplasia
Hip joint is a type of ball-and-socket configuration which attaches the pelvis to the femur. The femoral head (top of the femur) doesn’t line up with the curved socket of the pelvis properly. The socket may not be deep enough in some cases to hold the femoral head in its correct place.
Most people with hip dysplasia are born with the condition. It develops when the baby’s position in the womb places pressure on the hips. The condition can also be genetic. Children born with the condition are called to have congenital hip dislocation or developmental dysplasia of the hip.
Treatment of Hip Dysplasia
Hip dysplasia treatment involves protecting the hip joint and managing pain. Your doctor will customize the treatment to meet your specific needs.
These are a few treatment options for hip dysplasia:
- Brace: This is for babies under the age of 6 months. The doctor may use a harness or brace for holding the joint in place while the child grows.
- Physical therapy: Exercises may be used for strengthening the joint and improving flexibility
- Surgery: Doctors repair the hip joint using different types of operations, such as:
- periacetabular osteotomy (the femur is repositioned into the hip socket)
- arthroscopy (a minimally invasive procedure for repairing a torn labrum)
- total hip replacement (restoring the hip using an artificial joint)
Hip dysplasia can usually be corrected with surgery. People can go on to live healthy lives. Board certified orthopedic surgeon Dr. Tigran Garabekyan receives patients from Los Angeles, Century City, CA, and nearby areas for orthopedic surgery and non-surgical orthopedic treatments.
Contact the Southern California Hip Institute
Dr. Tigran Garabekyan is a board certified orthopedic surgeon specializing in hip preservation. To learn more about Southern California Hip Institute or to schedule a consultation, click here to contact us or call:
Century City / Los Angeles: 310.595.1030
Serving patients in Los Angeles, Beverly Hills, Santa Monica, Century City, West Hollywood, North Hollywood Encino, Sherman Oaks, Van Nuys, Burbank, Glendale and other neighboring cities in the greater Los Angeles, California area.
Also visit http://www.drgorthopedics.com/